Water reed is quite a common plant but commercial production is not as widespread as many may think and high quality reed only comes from few regions on the planet.
Our reed cutter cuts the reeds slicing through the stems just above ground level. Traditionally reeds were cut with a hook or scythe, although now you are more likely to see cutters cutting with machines that look like large lawnmowers. With these machines reeds can be cut much faster than with a hook. We do however still use older cutting tools in more sensitive areas of our land.
The cutter picks up enough reed for a bundle, roughly twenty-four inches in circumference, originally measured as three hand spans. The bundle is raked to clear out the the old reed and plant debris and then loosely tied with twine. The rakes are generally home made using a wooded handle and a couple of long nails.
Our employees take the loose bundles and the base is repeatedly knocked onto a 'knocking up board', a three foot square flat piece of wood. This process lines up the base of the reads and helps to create a tight bundle ready for thatching.
Our water reed is considered as some of the best in the world and that's because the salty water and winds from the black sea and the fresh water from the Danube river offer an unparalleled environment for our reed to grow.
Water reed has the highest concentration of silicon of all known domestic vegetable plants. Silicon is responsible for the water resistance of the spears and the grievous flammability of water reed. Accordingly silicon is one of the elements that are known for their hydrophobic property. Silicon is a crystal and semiconductor and hence very grievous flammable and almost water-resistant. Silicon tends to build up long-chain molecules, that cause elasticity and tension force. The high silicone percentage makes water reed unattractive as food for insects and animals. Water reed has the German flammable class B2- normal flammable”.
Solids heat up faster than gases. If a body comprises small, air filled rooms, the substances heat up different. How long the temperature takes to get balanced, depends on the temperature difference and the material. Air is a bad heat conductor therefore the balance of the temperature takes longer or doesn’t happen at all. Material with air filled spaces creates an insulating layer. The structure of water reed spears follow this principle because the excavations between the knobs are filled with air. Processed to a thick layer (for example in an 8 cm thick water reed insulation panel) even more air spaces are generated between the spears and give water reed the insulating effect.
The transfer of heat is similar to the transfer of noise. Gases and solids do not transfer sonic the same way. The acoustic noise partly is reflected and partly is broken by the defection of the new medium. So is added up that water reed is used as building material because of its noise insulating properties.
Water reed is frost resistant by level adaptation to –17,5 °C. Furthermore water reed can resist winter frost up to –40 °C by if it is covered by water.